Wood Hardness Chart

The hardness of wood is calculated by a test that measures the force needed to embed a .444-inch steel ball to half its diameter in wood. This is the industry standard for determining the ability of different species to tolerate denting and normal wear and tear. It's also a good tool for determining the effort needed to nail or cut different wood species.

Wood Flooring Species / Hardness

Brazilian Walnut / 3684
Brazilian Teak / 3540
Cumaru - Showroom Sample / 3540
Ebony / 3220
Massaranduba - Showroom Sample / 3190
Brazilian Redwood / 3190
Angelim Peda / 3040
Bloodwood / 2900
Brizilian Cherry - Showroom Sample / 2820
Red Mahogany / 2697
Spotted Gum / 2473
Brazilian Cherry / 2350
Mesquite / 2345
Santos Mahogany / 2200
Dark Sucupira - Showroom Sample / 2140
Pradoo / 2170
Brushbox / 2135
Karri / 2030
Sydney Blue Gum / 2023
Bubinga / 1980
Cameron / 1940
Tallowwood / 1933
Merbau / 1925
Amendiom / 1912
Jarrah / 1910
Purpleheart / 1860
Tigerwood - Showroom Sample / 1850
Pecan / 1820
Hickory - Showroom Sample / 1820
Bangkirai / 1798
Rosewood / 1780
African Padauk / 1725
Blackwood / 1720
Merbau / 1712
Kempas / 1710
Locust / 1700
Highland Beech / 1686
Walnut Wenge / 1630
Red Pine / 1630
Tualang / 1624
Zebrawood / 1575
True Pine / 1570
Peroba / 1557
Kambala / 1540

Sapele - Showroom Sample / 1510
Curupixa / 1490
Sweet Birch (Black or Cherry) / 1470
Maple - Showroom Sample / 1450
Coffee Bean / 1390
Natural Bamboo / 1380
Australian Cypress / 1375
White Oak / 1360
Tasmanian Oak / 1350
Ribbon Gum / 1349
Ash / 1320
American Beech / 1300
Northern Red Oak - Showroom Sample / 1290
Carribean Heart Pine / 1280
Yellow Birch / 1260
Movingui / 1230
Andirobia - Showroom Sample / 1220
Heart Pine / 1225
Carbonized Bamboo (Represents one species) / 1180
Cocobolo / 1136
Brazilian Eucalyptus - Rose Gum / 1125
Makore / 1100
Boreal / 1023
Black Walnut (Northern Walnut) - Showroom Sample / 1010
Teak / 1000
Sakura / 995
Black Cherry (American Cherry) - Showroom Sample / 950
Boire / 940
Paper Birch / 910
Cedar / 900
Lacewood / 840
Leopardwood / 840
Sycamore / 770
Shedua / 710
Douglas Fir / 660
Larch / 590
Chestnut / 540
Hemlock / 500
White Pine / 420
Basswood / 410
Eastern White Pine / 380